Accédez à l'intranet
Connect with Google Connexion
Ou

Si vous n'avez pas de compte Mail LuxDev




J'ai oublié mon mot de passe

Aide

VIE/433
Adaptation au climat et résilience dans la province de Thua Thien Hué.

Information

Pays
Vietnam
Bureau régional de LuxDev
Bureau Régional De Vientiane

Secteur
Développement local
Agence d'exécution partenaire
Thua Thien Hue Provincial People’s Committee

Période d'exécution
Juillet 2018 - Juin 2022
Durée totale
48 mois

Budget total
2 961 000 EUR
Répartition des contributions
  • Gouvernement luxembourgeois
    2 961 000 EUR

De par la longueur de son littoral et sa forte densité de population côtière et urbaine, le Vietnam est l'un des pays les plus exposés aux effets néfastes du changement climatique. Il est notamment sujet à l'élévation du niveau de la mer, l'intrusion saline, la perte de terres et de biens ainsi qu’à l'insécurité alimentaire. Actuellement, les politiques, stratégies et plans du Vietnam à propos du changement climatique et de la croissance environnementale consistent en une transposition des engagements mondiaux en la matière et reflètent la prise de conscience des menaces climatiques qui pèsent sur les moyens d'existence et les avoirs de la population. Cependant, les principaux défis sont le financement, les besoins en compétences et les exigences technologiques nécessaires à la mise en œuvre de ces plans. 

Alors que l'aide publique au développement (APD) luxembourgeoise au Vietnam touche à sa fin, l'occasion se présente de transformer le très estimé partenariat Vietnam-Luxembourg en coopération climatique.

L’intervention au Vietnam étant amenée à être financée par le financement international luxembourgeois de la lutte contre le changement climatique, LuxDev, l'Agence luxembourgeoise de coopération au développement, a été mandatée en mars 2016 par le ministère des Affaires étrangères et européennes (MAEE), au nom du Fonds luxembourgeois pour le climat et l'énergie (FLCE) et du ministère du Développement durable et des infrastructures (MDDI), pour formuler une allègement (voir VIE/401) et une adaptation de cette intervention. Suite à la toute première intervention luxembourgeoise d'adaptation au climat au Vietnam (2013-2017) à travers le projet de développement local et d'innovation adapté au climat VIE/033 financé par l'APD dans la province de TT Hué et compte tenu des évaluations très positives de cette intervention, VIE/433 est en mesure de miser sur la structure institutionnelle efficace, les systèmes opérationnels et les mécanismes de mise en œuvre qui ont été mis en place par cette intervention précédente.

VIE/433 vise à contribuer à l'objectif du Vietnam de renforcer la résilience de la population et du système naturel face au changement climatique. Plus particulièrement, il a pour objectif d’aider les autorités locales et les communautés des communes côtières et lagunaires à accroître leur compréhension et leur résilience ainsi qu’à réduire leur vulnérabilité au changement climatique.

Pour atteindre ces objectifs, le projet ambitionne d’atteindre trois résultats par le biais de six domaines d'intervention (Tâches) :

Résultat 1 - Changement climatique (CC) et réduction des risques de catastrophe (RRC) - Les capacités du gouvernement et des collectivités à réagir aux changements climatiques sont renforcées.

Tâche 1 - Accroître la sensibilisation, la compréhension et la capacité d'adaptation.

Tâche 2 - Développer l'éducation environnementale primaire et secondaire

Tâche 3 - Aider à établir un système aligné de mesure, de rapport et de vérification (MRV) et se préparer à un accès direct aux fonds du climat.

Résultat 2 - Les petites infrastructures protègent mieux les gens et leurs moyens d'existence.

Tâche 4 - Mettre en œuvre une infrastructure physique adaptative et résiliente aux changements climatiques dans les zones cibles.

Résultat 3 - Les écosystèmes résilients aident les gens à mieux s'adapter aux changements climatiques.

Tâche 5 - Promouvoir des méthodes de gestion participative, d'utilisation et de conservation des ressources naturelles.

Tâche 6 - Soutenir le développement d'un marché pour l'agriculture biologique en tant que nouvelle industrie de croissance durable pour la région.

Semblable au projet VIE/033, le projet VIE/433 cible les 29 communes des districts de Quang Dien, Phu Vang et Phu Loc. En raison de leur situation le long du littoral ou autour de la lagune et de leur faible altitude, ces districts sont considérés comme les plus vulnérables aux impacts du changement climatique.

Les rapports des évaluations de la vulnérabilité des communes (ECVC), qui ont été réalisés pour toutes les communes en 2014, indiquent que ces dernières années, ces communes ont gravement souffert des effets néfastes des extrêmes climatiques tels que le froid inhabituel, les sécheresses, les typhons, les inondations, l'intrusion saline et l'érosion côtière.

Conformément aux exigences nationales en matière de données climatiques, VIE/433 évalue et aide à renforcer les connaissances, les systèmes et les compétences des gouvernements en matière de MRV ainsi que de suivi et d'évaluation (S&E) afin de pouvoir surveiller correctement les effets du CC et suivre les résultats et l'impact des diverses interventions en matière d'adaptation et de RRC dans la province. Ainsi, un système complet de MRV sera établi au sein du gouvernement et basé sur les exigences nationales et internationales en matière de MRV climatique.

Dernières nouvelles

  • VIETNAM - Following James Bond’s Lead

    Publié le 16 Mars 2020    Par Alain Jacquemin   FR

    In October 2003, the late Roger Moore, aka MI6 Special Agent 007 and the then Goodwill Ambassador for UNICEF, was on a trip through Vietnam, partially to raise awareness on the main cause of death of Vietnamese children below the age of 14: Drowning!

    Drowning is not only a major issue in Vietnam. Rather, it is a problem faced by the developing world in general. Globally, over 372,000 people die from drowning every year. Over 90% of those deaths occur in low- and middle-income countries, and half are under 25 years old.

    Since Roger Moore’s visit in late 2003, the statistics in Vietnam have not fundamentally changed, and drowning remains the number 1 risk of death for children. In the three years between 2015 and 2017, over 6,000 children drowned in Vietnam – averaging almost 6 deaths per day. This can happen in the community (78%) or at home (22%). Over 55% of child victims come from rural, low-income families.

    These dramatic numbers are primarily due to a lack of understanding of water hazards and water safety skills, a lack of adult supervision, an unsafe water environment, and natural disasters. Notably, the latter is becoming more important due to the impacts of climate change.

    In mid 2018, LuxDev started implementing its first two climate change projects funded from climate finance through the Luxembourg Ministry of the Environment, Climate and Sustainable Development (MECSD): one in climate change adaptation, one in mitigation.   

    Following the lead of Sir Roger, adaptation intervention VIE/433 included survival swimming for school kids in its action plan. Being one of the most climate-vulnerable regions globally, facing frequent and severe floods, and having one of the largest lagoons (220 km2) in the world, partners identified swimming skills for children as a most appropriate activity under the project’s Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) component.  


    ​©Hue Help

    As a result, project VIE/433 joined hands with Hue Help, a British registered INGO, which since 2011, has trained 457 swimming coaches across Vietnam to international standards. Thirty of these coaches are physical education teachers in primary schools in the working area of project VIE/433, and in the last two years these coaches successfully trained 2,400 children aged 9-11, at a project cost of some 24,000 EUR, or 10 EUR per child.


    ​©LuxDev

    At the first closing workshop in late 2019, leaders of the provincial and the three district education departments expressed their gratitude with this perhaps unusual, but highly relevant intervention that contributes to climate adaptation in a fundamental way and saves children’s lives.      


    ​©Hue Help

    Sources: WHO Global Report on Drowning, Hue Help data  

  • VIETNAM - The Energy Efficient Lighting Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Action (NAMA) pilot in Hue City (VIE/401) and Climate Adaptation and Resilience in TT Hue Province (VIE/433) projects take off.

    Publié le 14 Juin 2019    Par Darius STEIN   EN

    The first Steering Committee for the  projects ‘Energy Efficient Lighting Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Action (NAMA) pilot in Hue City’ (VIE/401) and ‘Climate Adaptation and Resilience in TT Hue Province’ (VIE/433) was held on May 10th 2019 and brought together representatives from the Luxembourg Embassy, LuxDev, Vietnam’s Ministry of Planning and Investment, Hue’s Provincial People’s Committee as well as other relevant VIE/401 and VIE/433 project stakeholders.   

    VIE_401_Article_SCM1_photo_1.jpgFirst Project Steering Committee Meeting for VIE/401 and VIE/433

    VIE/401 and VIE/433 are the first projects implemented by LuxDev with funding from the Luxembourg Climate and Energy Fund (CEF). Furthermore, they are considered to be stepping stones for two higher level climate change adaptation and mitigation interventions in the future, to be funded by International Climate Finance (ICF), with possible additional Luxembourg funding.

    VIE/401 stands out as LuxDev’s first Energy Efficiency project involving the replacement of conventional lights with less energy consuming Light Emitting Diodes (LED) lights. Through the installation of more than 22,000 LEDs, the project is estimated to achieve total cumulative energy savings of 17.7GWh, with associated Greenhouse Gas (GHG) reductions of 14,405 tCO2 up to 2029.

    A key element of VIE/401 is the development of a robust Measurement, Reporting and Verification (MRV) system. Measuring the GHG emission impact of mitigation interventions is critical for the government, to report to the relevant international bodies such as the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) against national commitments on emission reduction targets, or in support of national proposals for ICF support.

    During inception, the project already completed substantial technical work, in particular related to the selection of most suitable locations for LED hardware investments in Hue City. Based on strict criteria and in-house data analysis and verification, a list of appropriate schools and streets for replacement of conventional lighting with LED were selected.

    VIE_401_Article_SCM1_photo_2.jpg

    VIE_401_Article_SCM1_photo_3.jpgTechnical staff from LuxDev and Hue City Construction Investment Project Management Board surveying the lighting status of streets in Hue City.

    An important insight gained from surveys done is that conventional inefficient fluorescent lamps are still primarily used in classrooms, and that there is a lack of awareness among students and school staff on the difference between conventional and LED lights, and on the importance of adequate lighting levels classrooms.   

    VIE_401_Article_SCM1_photo_4.jpg

    VIE_401_Article_SCM1_photo_5.jpgTechnical staff from LuxDev and Hue City Construction Investment Project Management Board and the Hue Department of Education and Training surveying the lighting status of schools in Hue City.

    The LED hardware installation and awareness raising interventions of VIE/401 have become even more relevant in the context of the new Vietnam Energy Efficiency Programme 2019-2030, launched in March 2019. Some of the objectives in that programme are that 60% of schools are reached with communication and teaching activities on efficient use of energy, and 90% of provinces have an energy efficiency plan by 2025. LuxDev is committed to assist the provincial government of Hue in achieving these targets.

  • A new climate cooperation between Luxembourg and Vietnam

    Publié le 21 Juin 2018    Par Katja MAJCEN   EN

    On Monday 18 June 2018, Hue City celebrated the closing of the 5-year ODA-funded ‘Climate Adapted Local Development and Innovation Project’ (VIE/033), and in the same event launched the very first two projects funded by the Luxembourg Climate and Energy Fund to be implemented by LuxDev. These two new interventions are the ‘Energy Efficient Lighting NAMA pilot in Hue City’ (VIE/401) and the project ‘Climate Adaptation and Resilience in TT Hue Province’ (VIE/433).

    The event brought together high-level delegates from the Ministry of Planning and Investment, Thua Thien Hue (TT Hue) Provincial People’s Committee (PPC) and relevant departments, the Luxembourg Embassy in Laos, LuxDev HQ and regional office in Vientiane, VIE/033 project partners and staff from the project’s target districts, some community representatives and beneficiaries, as well as some old ‘Friends of the Project’.  

    Group photo

    Mr Nguyen Van Phuong, Vice-Chairman of TT Hue PPC, and Mr Claude Jentgen, Chargé d’Affaires at the Luxembourg Embassy in Laos, both highlighted and appreciated the long-standing and strong diplomatic relations between the two countries, with the 45th anniversary of these relations having been celebrated in Hanoi just days ago. Mr Jentgen remarked that Luxembourg is the fifth biggest European Union investor in Vietnam, and further reiterated that whereas its Official Development Assistance (ODA) is phasing out with Vietnam having reached middle-income status, new opportunities arise to transform the long-standing partnership into climate cooperation.

    Dr Alain Jacquemin, VIE/033 Chief Technical Coordinator, presented the overall results of the project, measured through a set of 27 quantitative indicators. Out of these, 23 met or exceeded their End of Project (EOP) target – including six exceeding that target by 20-50%, and five by more than 50%. Four indicators did not meet their target. Further, data from a Randomised Control Trial in communes outside of the project target area and collected through baseline and endline surveys, gave more evidence and valuable insights on the real impact of project interventions in target areas versus non-project areas, reflecting major differences on household incomes and poverty reduction rates, as well as on the coping capacity of communities and households to respond to climate impacts.

    Dr Adam McCarty, Team Leader of the project final evaluation and earlier also the Mid Term Review, called VIE/033 “an extraordinary success” referring to its key results, both quantitative and qualitative, as observed first-hand in the field and measured through the project’s elaborate monitoring system. He highlighted and appreciated the fact that the project did not just focus on its many successes, but also took the initiative to study and investigate activities that didn’t go as planned, rather than ignoring them, thus turning them into ‘lessons learned’ for future interventions.

    Subsequently, the audience listened to a brief account by one of the district leaders, and to three testimonials from project beneficiaries. This was followed by the formal launch of the Project Compendium, a document that gives a fairly detailed account of overall project results achieved, and WHAT was done, WHY and HOW to come to those results.

    Mr Nguyễn Lương Trí from Quang Tho II Agriculture Cooperative, Quang Dien district

    In the second half of the meeting, with focus on the two new climate interventions in TT Hue, Dr Phong Tran of the Institute for Social and Environmental Transition–International (ISET-Viet Nam) sketched the context of climate change in Vietnam and Hue. He highlighted that Vietnam is one of the most vulnerable countries to the threats of climate change, mainly due to its densely populated and long coastline that is highly exposed to typhoons and sea level rise. “The sea level in Thua Thien Hue could rise by up to 94cm by 2 100 and this would continue to seriously affect the lives, incomes and health of local people, as well as the ecosystems and infrastructure systems of Hue City as they have done in the past”, he said.

    The new chapter in the cooperation between Luxembourg and Vietnam was opened up by Mrs Dieschbourg, Luxembourg’s Minister for the Environment, who, through a 15-minute video message, pointed out that “this first bilateral climate cooperation can be instrumental for Vietnam to enhance its climate-finance readiness and be first-mover in terms of accounting, monitoring, reporting and verification of climate finance. In this sense, this little step will help to build international climate cooperation trust and practice. Luxembourg is at your side fighting climate change“.


    Extract of the video speech by Mrs Dieschbourg, Luxembourg Minister for the Environment

    Subsequently, Mr Nguyen Quang Cuong, Vice-Director of the provincial Department of Planning and Investment and Director of the Luxembourg Projects Management Board, briefly introduced the two new projects to the audience, and confirmed that both are in a position to bank upon the effective institutional structure, operational systems and implementation mechanisms that were put in place by VIE/033. 

    In his closing remarks, Mr Gaston Schwartz, Managing Director of LuxDev, once again highlighted the importance of monitoring and stated that “the methodology and the way that monitoring has been done in project VIE/033 should be an inspiration for LuxDev colleagues in other countries”.