- LuxDev's Regional office
- Vientiane Regional Office
- Agriculture & Food Security
- Partner execution agency
- Cao Bang Provincial People’s Committee
- PIC 3
- 2011 - 2015
- Implementation period
- 24 August 2015 - 31 July 2020
- Total duration
- 59 months
- Total budget
- 6,616,200 EUR
- Contribution breakdown
- Luxembourg Government
- Government of Vietnam
The project “Wise Use of Water and Agriculture” (WUWA) VIE/036 is the second Luxembourg project to support the Department of Agriculture and Rural Development (DARD) in Cao Bang province in the north of Vietnam following the successful implementation of the Nam Tuan irrigation project from 2006 to 2010.
The overall project objective is to assist sustainable trends of poverty reduction and food security in mountainous areas of Cao Bang province.
The specific objective of VIE/036 is to improve effective natural and financial resource management focused on agricultural production while meeting the needs of ethnic minorities and other population segments with difficulties.
The anticipated outcome of the project is threefold:
- improved and sustainable agriculture service delivery mechanisms in Cao Bang that are demand oriented linking farmers to markets and applying improved (optimised, diversified and more resilient) agricultural production systems with improved productivity;
- strengthened Commune local authorities providing efficient and effective participatory investments services for small-scale roads and irrigation thereby enabling farmers better access to markets and improved productivity from irrigation systems; and
- improved DARD lead irrigation development applying Participatory Irrigation Management principles in prioritisation, planning and design, investment monitoring and quality control, operation and maintenance optimising the available resources.
The project aims to contribute to sustainable trends of poverty reduction and food security in Cao Bang. This is expressed through a poverty rate target households reduction from 24% in 2012 to 14% by 2018; a drop in the number of households receiving food supplements from 200 to 20; doubling of the 2011 average household income of 400 USD by 2018 as well as helping 230 household exit the poverty classification.
The project supports the counterpart DARD in their endeavour to implement the Cao Bang Agricultural Restructuring Proposal (CARP) on three areas: i) safe agricultural products from Cao Bang, ii) market linkage, and iii) restructuring of the sector.
Since July 2015, the project has been focused on supporting divisions under DARD such as the Centre for Agriculture and Fisheries Extension (CAFÉ), Crops and Plant Protection Division (CPPD), Rural Development Division (RDD) to pilot innovations in terms of creating market linkages, market information, safe production processes, food certification, improved chemical usage, quality control providing the basis for restructuring and capacity development of the agricultural sector.
The project supports four communes through the provision of Commune Development Funds (CDF) for improvements in inter-village roads and small-scale irrigation works thereby strengthening commune capacity for participatory prioritisation, planning and implementation. The experience gained in developing the participatory approach will be formalised as to facilitate replication and capacity development in other communes to be applied as a provincial guideline for commune managed investments.
The project contributes to irrigation development through the improvements in :
- a DARD lead transparent prioritisation process for investment as to engage communities, commune and district local authorities, in assessment of conditions of schemes and economic analysis enhancing ownership and responsibilities for further development;
- construction management and quality control procedures.
Core actors being supported are the DARD units of Irrigation Division and the Construction Management Office.
All construction works are implemented by counterparts through delegation agreements thereby providing the opportunity for VIE/036 to contribute to capacity development of actors as based on assessment of performance as well as to improvements of systems and procedures.
Through support to the Fatherland Front Committee, a system of Commune Investment Supervision Boards is established as to monitor the efficiency and effectiveness of government infrastructure investments.
Other key features of WUWA are: linking tourism with agriculture development, supporting the province in policy development for the agricultural sector as well as improving service delivery by the province to the private sector aiming to improve on the Provincial Competitive Index and to make better use of the limited resources available to them.
Vietnam – How to identify and control crop diseasesTraining on Pest Control
In Cao Bang province, many farmers are unable to identify the symptoms when their crops such as rice, tobacco or maize show signs of diseases. Usually, it results in an inappropriate use of pesticides in terms of volume, type, time of spraying, etc. A considerable number of fields are badly affected and even destroyed by such misuse of pesticides, even more so since most of the pesticides are cheap imports from China, often unbranded and without comprehensible usage instructions. It goes without saying that such behaviour directly impacts the quality of the agriculture products, followed by a decreasing interest of consumers for locally-produced agricultural products. Via an information campaign, the provincial level requested producers to make better use of pesticides but the lack of skills to recognise the symptoms of crop diseases and using pesticides incorrectly is a real issue amongst farmers.
Therefore, trainings on techniques of identification and pest control measures provided by the Crop and Plant Protection Division (CPPD) supported by project VIE/036 were an efficient way to improve farmers’ skills in that respect.
The target beneficiary of these trainings were 125 farmers within Duc Xuan and Le Lai communes, in Thach An district, distributed among 5 villages, each class attended by 25 farmers.
Moreover, the trainings were an opportunity for the CPPD to develop their coaching approach while working with farmers in the fields. Also, those trainings were an opportunity for farmers to enjoy services provided by CPPD directly at their commune and to strengthen their confidence in proactively seeking technical support at CPPD offices when they are faced with any crop or plant issues.
Those trainings are the first batch of a series of activities in which CPPD will introduce an effective way to spray pesticides and at the same time to have a better understanding of the local situation and characteristics of farmers spraying pesticides in their field.
For seeking a suitable and relevant method to reduce the use of unbranded chemicals (mostly coming from China) while improving control over sales and purchases of Chinese pesticides, CPPD has collaborated with the Cao Bang Department of Police to undertake a study to assess the circulation and movement of unbranded chemicals.
The CPPD also wishes to elaborate, propose and help farmers to apply at least 4 kinds of pesticide solutions that are responsive to the local characteristics and needs. At the same time CPPD will build its capacity to conduct studies on agricultural cultivating techniques for enriching a shared public knowledge library on agriculture practice for universal accessibility and inheritance.
VIE/036 will certainly continue to provide support to CPPD and other agricultural departments to ultimately improve the agricultural production in the most sustainable manner.